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As of 5 March 2020, Moscow has announced a high-alert regime to prevent the spread of COVID-191. New measures require employees who return from China, South Korea, Italy, Iran, France, Spain and Germany to self-isolate for 14 days, as well as to report to the Moscow city hotline (+ 7 495 870 45 09).

The list of above countries may be expanded by the Moscow division of Rospotrebnadzor, but at the time this legal alert was released, the Rospotrebnadzor website was down and officials refused to clarify if any other countries were currently on the list.

Those who develop symptoms of the disease must seek medical help at home without going to any medical facilities.

Employers operating in Moscow are obliged to check the body temperature of all employees and send home those with elevated temperature, ensure compliance with the self-isolation regime, and inform authorities about all work contacts of an employee with COVID-19, as well as disinfect the premises where the employee was located.

Consequences of violation

Failure to comply with mandatory rules of sanitary and epidemiological safety, may entail a fine for companies of up to 30,000 rubles (approx. USD 450). In cases of a repeated or a gross violation, authorities may suspend business activities of a company for up to 90 days2.

Violation of requirements established by statutes of the City of Moscow in the field of protecting the population from natural and man-made emergency situations may result in company officers being administratively prosecuted with a fine of up to 5,000 rubles (approx. USD 75)3.

In addition, authorities may deport foreigners for violations or deny re-entry.

If the situation with the spread of COVID-19 aggravates, potentially authorities may resort to criminal prosecution. Under Article 236 of the Russian Criminal Code violations of sanitary-epidemiological rules that result in, by negligence, mass diseases entail supervised restriction of freedom for up to one year, and a prison term up to five years, if negligent acts result in human death.


1. Decree of the Mayor of Moscow of 5 March 2020 No. 12-UM “On the Introduction of High-Alert Regime.
2. Articles 6.3, 6.4 and 6,5 of the Code of Administrative Offences of the Russian Federation No. 195-FZ of 30 December 2001
3. Article 3.18 of The Code of Administrative Offenses of the City of Moscow No. 45 of 21 November 2007

Author

Igor Makarov is a partner in Baker Mckenzie's Moscow office. Igor Makarov practices in the areas of corporate/M&A, as well as labor and migration law. Prior to joining Baker McKenzie, Mr. Makarov worked as a partner at PricewaterhouseCoopers and headed St. Petersburg and Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk offices of PricewaterhouseCoopers CIS Law Offices BV. He also worked as an attorney at Hedman Law Offices, where he headed its St. Petersburg office until 1994. He joined Baker McKenzie as an associate in its St. Petersburg office. Mr. Makarov is currently a partner in the Firm’s Moscow office.

Author

Elena Kukushkina is a counsel and coordinator in Baker Mckenzie's Moscow office. Prior to joining Baker McKenzie, she worked at another leading global law firm. Ms. Kukushkina has written articles as well as spoken in conferences and seminars about labor and immigration law. She is recommended by Chambers Europe and Legal 500 EMEA for her employment work. Sources describe Ms. Kukushkina as “fast, practical and business-oriented” as well as "result- driven."

Author

Evgeny Reyzman is a counsel in Baker Mckenzie's Moscow office. Evgeny Reyzman has extensive experience practicing in Russian labor law and employment litigation matters, as well as in the areas of commercial litigation, and Russian criminal law and procedure. Top ranked by Chambers Global 2009, clients describe him as a "genuine veteran of the employment scene who knows absolutely everything there is to know." PLC Which Lawyer? also recognized him as leading lawyer in its 2008 and 2009 editions. Chambers Europe 2007 regards him as one of the big three employment lawyers in Moscow. Mr. Reyzman joined Baker McKenzie in 1998 and became a partner in 2001. Prior to joining the Firm, he was a senior legal adviser for a major Russian bank and practiced as an advocate with the Inter-Republican Bar Association and the Moscow City Bar Association. In addition to his practice, Mr. Reyzman actively participates in the activities of the American Chamber of Commerce in Moscow as a member of its Human Resources Executive Committee.

Author

Maxim Kalinin serves as managing partner of Baker & McKenzie’s St. Petersburg office and head of the Mergers & Acquisitions, Corporate, Real Estate & Construction and Employment practice groups. He was named a European legal expert in Russia by European Legal Experts 2008, and was recognized by Chambers Europe "for his expertise in M&A and real estate work". He is also cited by Legal 500, Who’s Who Legal 2009, The International Who’s Who of Real Estate Lawyers 2008 and the Private Equity Handbook 2007/2008 for his corporate and real estate work