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In 2019, the Indonesian Competition Commission (KPPU) issued a regulation that asserted that KPPU has the authority to review acquisitions of assets, not just acquisitions of shares. Since then, hundreds of acquisitions of asset transactions have been notified to KPPU. KPPU’s concepts of “assets” and their “acquisition” under this regulation are very broad.

The “provision or acceptance of gift policy” is a key compliance principle in the governmental sector, as reflected in several key pieces of legislation. On 13 January 2023, the Office of the Prime Minister issued the Regulation on the Provision or Acceptance of Gift of Governmental Officials, B.E. 2565 (2022), which came into effect on 14 January 2023. This regulation updates and strengthens the policy on the provision or acceptance of gifts for the governmental sector. The regulation applies to all government officials, including but not limited to officials, staff, and employees of government agencies and state-owned enterprises.

In December 2022, the Indonesian Minister of Finance issued a new regulation on self-consumed imported goods, i.e., MOF Regulation No. 190/PMK.04/2022, on the Transfer of Self-Consumed Imported Goods, to meet the need for a more dynamic regulatory system in the trade sector. This regulation is designed to promote trade and economic growth in Indonesia by providing new import facilities, namely: (i) new import mechanisms for digital goods; (ii) new requirements to submit supporting customs documents; (iii) new requirements for non-MITA/AEO importers to obtain a registration number; (iv) new requirements for physical inspection of self-consumed imported goods; (v) new formulae to calculate import duties, excises and taxes; and (iv) new provisions for transferring imported goods that are subject to intellectual property rights requirements.

The P2SK Law introduces the concept of financial instrument managers and trust fund managers. Both are designed as specific purpose entities licensed by Otoritas Jasa Keuangan and established to perform asset securitization and/or trustee fund management activities. The government expects the existence of SPVs to contribute to financial instrument diversification. Trustees, on the other hand, are regulated with the aim of increasing participation by financial market players and bringing about improvement in disclosure and good corporate governance regulations.

In May 2022, the Indo-Pacific Economic Framework for Prosperity (IPEF) was launched between Australia, Brunei, Fiji, India, Indonesia, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, New Zealand, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, the US and Vietnam. On account of its specified focus on labor standards and issues, IPEF is likely to have an ongoing impact on labor regulations and trends among partner countries, including Vietnam.

The New Criminal Code became the first piece of legislation passed into Law in 2023 and was promulgated on 2 January as Law No. 1 of 2023. In the next three years, the New Criminal Code will replace the 100-year old criminal code currently in place. The New Criminal Code changes the landscape of the penal code in the field of digital information, bribery and corruption, and money laundering related crimes.

The Government of Indonesia issued Government Regulation in lieu of Law No. 2 of 2022 on Job Creation on 30 December 2022 (“Job Creation GRL”). This opens the second act of the Omnibus Law following the scrutiny by the Constitutional Court of the formalities in the creation of the original Job Creation Law which was issued in 2020. Content-wise, the 1,117-page Job Creation GRL is a non-identical twin sibling of the original Job Creation Law with substantive changes on halal certification, employment, taxation, and regional government as well as some non-substantive changes in other sectors such as water resources.

The soon-to-be enacted P2SK Law introduces “financing service businesses” as a new umbrella term for several categories of financing services, covering the businesses of finance companies (multifinance), venture capital companies, infrastructure financing companies, IT-based collective funding service providers (peer-to-peer lending platforms), and pawnbroker companies.

In the spirit of Bank Indonesia’s Payment System 2025 Visions that were introduced in May 2019, and in conjunction with the G20 Roadmap for Enhancing Cross-Border Payments, Bank Indonesia has agreed on cooperating with the Japanese Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry to enable consumers and merchants in both countries to make and accept instant cross-border QR payments. The memorandum of understanding for this cooperation was signed on 9 December 2022 in Tokyo.