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Mochamad Fachri

Mochamad Fachri is an Associate Partner in Hadiputranto, Hadinoto & Partners, Jakarta office.

On 28 July 2023, speaking at a seminar at KPPU’s head office, the competition authority’s Director of Mergers and Acquisitions indicated that KPPU may consider applying a new method for calculating administrative fines taking into account the sanctioning provisions under the Government Regulation No. 44 of 2021. This would enable KPPU to impose fines of more than the nominal limit of IDR 25 billion set under the Government Regulation No. 57 of 2010, increasing the legal risks for failing to file merger notices on time.

Following its launch in April 2023, the online notification form introduced by KPPU sets out a new set of tests for determining whether, and to what extent, a change of control has occurred in a non-majority acquisition. We summarize these tests to help you understand how KPPU will view and assess change of control in non-majority acquisitions.

Aiming to prevent anti-competitive policies being issued by various governmental institutions, on 31 March 2023 KPPU – the Indonesian Competition Commission, issued KPPU Regulation No. 4 of 2023 on the Provision of Inputs and Suggestions for Government Policies in relation to Monopolistic and/or Unfair Business Practices. In the past, various governmental policies, particularly on imports, quotas and commodities, have caused market distortion and resulted in KPPU issuing orders against other governmental institutions. Members of the public, including business entities, are welcome to provide input to KPPU if they become aware of a potentially anti-competitive governmental policy.

After more than 20 years enforcing the Anti-Monopoly Law (Law No. 5 of 1999 on the Prohibition of Monopolistic and Unfair Business Practices), KPPU – the Indonesian Competition Commission – having experienced the highs and lows of investigating a wide range of anticompetitive behavior, issued KPPU Chairman Regulation No. 2 of 2023 on Guidelines for Assessing Negative Impact from Monopolistic and Unfair Business Practices.

The Indonesian Competition Commission (Komisi Pengawas Persaingan Usaha (KPPU)) issued KPPU Regulation No. 3 of 2023 on Merger Filing Procedures, which replaced KPPU Regulation No. 3 of 2019 on the same matter. The New Merger Control Regulation became effective as of 31 March 2023, and it regulates administrative, procedural and substantive aspects of merger control. All filings from April 2023 onwards will be subject to the New Merger Control Regulation, including for transactions that had closed before 31 March 2023 but had not been filed. In addition, a new Governmental Regulation No. 20 of 2023 on Non-Tax Revenue Applicable to KPPU was also issued on 5 April 2023 and effective as of 5 May 2023 regulating that merger filings will be subject to a filing fee.

On Friday 31 March 2023, the Indonesian Competition Commission (Komisi Pengawas Persaingan Usaha or KPPU) enacted the KPPU Regulation No. 2 of 2023 on Procedure for Case Handling. With a newly issued KPPU Regulation No. 6 of 2023 officially repealing the 2019 regulation, the New Case Handling Regulation introduced several breakthroughs including integrating the use of technology, option to enter change of behavior commitment during investigations, and an expedited examination procedure.

On Monday 27 March 2023, the Indonesian Competition Commission (Komisi Pengawas Persaingan Usaha, (KPPU)) sought input from stakeholders on its plan to overhaul the current merger control rules. KPPU is proposing to replace KPPU Regulation No. 3 of 2019 on Merger Filing Procedures. Key changes include the introduction of an electronic portal, narrowing the definition of assets for the calculation of asset thresholds to Indonesian assets only, and introducing three exits for transactions without competition concerns.

In 2019, the Indonesian Competition Commission (KPPU) issued a regulation that asserted that KPPU has the authority to review acquisitions of assets, not just acquisitions of shares. Since then, hundreds of acquisitions of asset transactions have been notified to KPPU. KPPU’s concepts of “assets” and their “acquisition” under this regulation are very broad.

Indonesia’s Consumer Protection Law generally takes a light-handed approach to protection of consumer interests. It generally seeks to lay out the principles for protecting consumers’ interests, leaving detailed regulations to the regulators and to industry self-governance. However, it does list specific types of clauses that are prohibited. Anyone who includes prohibited clauses in an agreement would be subject to the threat of criminal penalty of up to five years imprisonment or a fine of up to IDR 2 billion (around USD 130,000). Given these risks, it is crucial for any consumer-facing business to understand what types of clauses are actually prohibited and how it can ensure that it is compliant with these prohibitions.