Minister of Transportation Regulation No. 14 of 2023 on Amendment to Minister of Transportation Regulation No. 4 of 2022 on Services for Foreign-flagged Yachts and Cruise Ships, which came into effect on 23 May this year, expands the ports that are available for foreign-flagged cruise ships and yachts to enter and exit Indonesian waters.
On 28 July 2023, speaking at a seminar at KPPU’s head office, the competition authority’s Director of Mergers and Acquisitions indicated that KPPU may consider applying a new method for calculating administrative fines taking into account the sanctioning provisions under the Government Regulation No. 44 of 2021. This would enable KPPU to impose fines of more than the nominal limit of IDR 25 billion set under the Government Regulation No. 57 of 2010, increasing the legal risks for failing to file merger notices on time.
Following its launch in April 2023, the online notification form introduced by KPPU sets out a new set of tests for determining whether, and to what extent, a change of control has occurred in a non-majority acquisition. We summarize these tests to help you understand how KPPU will view and assess change of control in non-majority acquisitions.
On 11 July this year, the Indonesian Financial Services Authority (OJK) issued the long awaited OJK Regulation No. 11 of 2023 on Spin-off of Sharia Units of Insurance Companies and Reinsurance Companies, which replaces the provisions on sharia unit spin-off of insurance and reinsurance companies in OJK Regulation No. 67/POJK.05/2016 on Licensing and Institution of Insurance Companies, Sharia Insurance Companies, Reinsurance Companies and Sharia Reinsurance Companies.
KPPU (the Indonesian Competition Commission) continues its enforcement against rigged bids, although bid-rigging investigations no longer dominate its caseloads. Initial indications of rigged bids have been confirmed by the issuance of KPPU Chairman Regulation No. 3 of 2023 on Guidelines on Tender Conspiracy Prohibition.
Aiming to prevent anti-competitive policies being issued by various governmental institutions, on 31 March 2023 KPPU – the Indonesian Competition Commission, issued KPPU Regulation No. 4 of 2023 on the Provision of Inputs and Suggestions for Government Policies in relation to Monopolistic and/or Unfair Business Practices. In the past, various governmental policies, particularly on imports, quotas and commodities, have caused market distortion and resulted in KPPU issuing orders against other governmental institutions. Members of the public, including business entities, are welcome to provide input to KPPU if they become aware of a potentially anti-competitive governmental policy.
After more than 20 years enforcing the Anti-Monopoly Law (Law No. 5 of 1999 on the Prohibition of Monopolistic and Unfair Business Practices), KPPU – the Indonesian Competition Commission – having experienced the highs and lows of investigating a wide range of anticompetitive behavior, issued KPPU Chairman Regulation No. 2 of 2023 on Guidelines for Assessing Negative Impact from Monopolistic and Unfair Business Practices.
The Indonesian Competition Commission (Komisi Pengawas Persaingan Usaha (KPPU)) issued KPPU Regulation No. 3 of 2023 on Merger Filing Procedures, which replaced KPPU Regulation No. 3 of 2019 on the same matter. The New Merger Control Regulation became effective as of 31 March 2023, and it regulates administrative, procedural and substantive aspects of merger control. All filings from April 2023 onwards will be subject to the New Merger Control Regulation, including for transactions that had closed before 31 March 2023 but had not been filed. In addition, a new Governmental Regulation No. 20 of 2023 on Non-Tax Revenue Applicable to KPPU was also issued on 5 April 2023 and effective as of 5 May 2023 regulating that merger filings will be subject to a filing fee.
On Friday 31 March 2023, the Indonesian Competition Commission (Komisi Pengawas Persaingan Usaha or KPPU) enacted the KPPU Regulation No. 2 of 2023 on Procedure for Case Handling. With a newly issued KPPU Regulation No. 6 of 2023 officially repealing the 2019 regulation, the New Case Handling Regulation introduced several breakthroughs including integrating the use of technology, option to enter change of behavior commitment during investigations, and an expedited examination procedure.
The Chairman of the Indonesian Competition Commission (KPPU) has issued two new regulations. The first is on a new approach to defining relevant market, with the aim of addressing dual and multi-sided markets in the digital economy (KPPU Chairman Regulation No. 4 of 2022). The second is on criteria and requirements for paying administrative fines by instalments (KPPU Chairman Regulation No. 1 of 2023). Introducing a legal instrument through a KPPU Chairman Regulation – which arguably should not be binding on parties beyond KPPU itself – is unprecedented, and we may see these two KPPU Chairman regulations challenged in the future.