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Mochamad Fachri

Mochamad Fachri is an Associate Partner in Hadiputranto, Hadinoto & Partners, Jakarta office.

On 30 August 2022, the Indonesian competition authority (“KPPU”) issued Circular No. 9/KPPU/SE/VIII/2022, clarifying that it will accept apostilled foreign official documents.
Since Indonesia acceded to the Apostille Convention in 2021, The KPPU’s position on this has been unclear, particularly with regard to how powers of attorney issued abroad should be processed. With this Circular, it the authority has now confirmed that documents issued in a member state of the Apostille Convention will only need to be notarized and apostilled to be accepted by KPPU.

On 30 August 2022, the Indonesian House of Representatives agreed to pass a law ratifying the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership, the largest regional free trade agreement outside the World Trade Organization — involving 10 ASEAN countries and five non-ASEAN countries, i.e., China, New Zealand, Australia, Japan and South Korea. With the passing of this law, which still requires promulgation by the President, RCEP is set to come into force for Indonesia, possibly before the end of the year.

The Government has begun the process of “re-doing” the Law No. 11 of 2020 on Job Creation as was mandated by the Constitutional Court on 25 November 2021. It has issued an amendment to the law governing the legislative process to accommodate the omnibus law method used for this law. The Government must now involve the public in a meaningful way in discussing the substance of the law that will replace Law No. 11 of 2020, while still completing the whole process by the 25 November 2023 deadline. In the meantime, the amendment itself is still subject to constitutional challenges.

The Indonesian Competition Commission (Indonesian acronym “KPPU”) has issued a regulation revoking the policy that extended the deadline for merger filings to 60 working days since closing, from 30 working days. The original deadline will be applicable effective 1 May 2022. Since November 2020, the authority has been implementing relaxation policies for competition matters due to the COVID-19 pandemic, including the extended deadline for merger filings.

On 4 February 2021, the Government published its long-awaited draft implementing regulations on the job creation law (the “Omnibus Law”).  Previously, the competition authority could impose an administrative fine for competition law infringements of up to IDR 25 billion. The new maximum penalty will be either 50% of the profit gained by the violating party in the period in which it was in violation or 10% of its revenue. The new regulations also introduce other factors to be considered in determining penalties, as well as amendments to the appeals procedure.

It is unclear when this draft, which was to be issued within three months after enactment of the Omnibus Law, i.e. 2 February, will be signed and in force.

Over the past year or so, the regulatory regime for merger control in Indonesia has seen significant changes. In October 2019, the Indonesian Business Competition Supervisory Commission (“KPPU”) issued a new rule on assessments of M&A transactions (“2019 Rule”), which was further clarified by the guidelines issued in October 2020 (“2020 Merger Guide”).

We discussed these issues in the webinar on “Navigating Merger Control Rules in Cross-Border M&A Transactions” broadcasted on 17 December 2020.

New omnibus law introduces higher administrative penalties and repeals criminal sanctions for Anti-monopoly Law violations
Competition authority issues new merger control guidelines

The Omnibus Law on Job Creation was passed on 5 October and is expected to take effect within 30 days, or sooner upon signing by the President. The Omnibus Law also amends other several provisions of the Anti-monopoly Law in relation to appeals and other penalties for Anti-monopoly Law violations. Issued on 6 October 2020, the ICC’s new merger control guidelines provide clarity on current practice and also introduce new guidance on a number of procedural and substantive issues.

This update was published on 16 October 2020 as part of our quarterly newsletter, Asia Pacific Competition Highlights. Click here to access the full report, which covers the most notable antitrust developments across 11 Asia Pacific jurisdictions.