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Since the ICO boom in 2017, governments around the world began settling on different approaches to regulating the crypto industry. Many legislatures and regulators proactively drafted new laws, regulations, guidance and frameworks for the crypto industry. Others used investigatory authorities and enforcement actions to regulate the industry. We expect that governments around the world will remain active for the foreseeable future as cryptoassets become more mainstream.

Financial institutions offering crypto-related services are expected to assess, address, and mitigate the risks associated with these cryptoassets, which includes fulfilling their anti-money laundering and combatting the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT) obligations.

Our new publication, Crypto around the World, takes a look at cryptoasset regulations across various jurisdictions. The guide follows a questionnaire format, with twenty questions focused on:

  • Laws or provisions transposing the Fifth Money Laundering Directive (5MLD) with regard to crypto/virtual assets
  • Regulations on crypto/virtual asset providers and related professions
  • Protection for investors of crypto/virtual assets (e.g., consumer law, advertising, financial compensation scheme, and others)
  • Regulation of initial coin offerings (ICOs)
  • Relevant tax provisions
  • Relevant financial services regulatory/licensing regimes
  • Other important and specific rules and provisions


Iris Barsan joined Baker McKenzie in October 2019 after practicing as a lawyer in a Franco-German law firm. Prior to that, Iris worked for several years in the legal department of the Prudential Control and Resolution Authority and as a financial lawyer in a French banking group (insurance and investment banking). Iris holds a doctorate in French and German law, an LL.M. from the University of Cologne and is a former student of the ENA (Willy Brandt promotion). In addition to her practice as a lawyer, Iris is an assistant professor at the University of Paris XII. She teaches company law (French, European and comparative), European business law, financial regulation and personal data and new technologies law.


Christopher Murrer is an associate in the FinTech, International Tax and Wealth Management practice groups of Baker McKenzie Zurich. He joined the Firm after practicing for seven years as tax and wealth planning attorney in New York and Washington, DC.


Julian is a senior associate in Baker McKenzie's Financial Services Group in London. Julian advises financial institutions including international and local fintechs, investment and retail banks, asset managers, investment advisers, payment services firms and product issuers on compliance with UK and European regulatory obligations. Julian also has experience in advising on the spectrum of regulated financial services and products including deposit products, payment accounts and electronic money products, consumer credit, insurance, derivatives, managed funds, structured debt and equities. Julian has completed a secondment to UBS AG and Western Union Business Solutions, in their in-house legal and compliance teams. Duties included advising equity derivatives, fixed income derivatives and equities teams on general commercial and regulatory issues. He is currently on secondment from the Australian offices of the Firm and has extensive experience with both Australian and English financial regulation.