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In brief

Singapore’s Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong, at his recent National Day Rally speech, acknowledged the anxiety felt by middle income Singaporeans over foreign work pass holders, especially with the economic uncertainty heightened by COVID-19.

Addressing what he described as personal and emotional arguments by Singaporeans over perceived foreign competition for jobs and opportunities, the prime minister signaled that the government will introduce new anti-discrimination laws with a range of penalties extending beyond the current administrative penalties, such as restrictions on an employer from hiring foreign workers.

Key takeaways

Based on the prime minister’s brief policy statements, all employers, particularly those reliant on foreign finance and information technology employees, should anticipate the following:

  • continued progressive tightening of work pass criteria, such as continued increases to salary thresholds for Employment Pass (EP) and S Pass applicants1; and
  • a move from voluntary compliance with the Tripartite Alliance for Fair and Progressive Employment Practices (TAFEP) to:
    1. writing these TAFEP guidelines into law
    2. setting up a workplace discrimination tribunal
    3. expanding the range of enforcement actions

Although a draft of these anti-discrimination laws has not yet been released, we expect these laws to draw from the current TAFEP guidelines, and the new workplace discrimination tribunal to have a similar approach as the Employment Claims Tribunal has to claims arising from non-, or under-, payment of salaries and wrongful dismissal.

Accordingly, and to prepare for the coming into force of these new laws, employers should familiarise themselves with both the TAFEP guidelines and the Fair Consideration Framework (FCF) guidance against all types of discrimination based on characteristics unrelated to the job, including on the basis of nationality.

Employers should ensure their employment practices are fair and merit-based across all areas such as hiring and recruitment, performance development and dismissals and retrenchments.

Employers should also note that the new TAFEP-based law will protect all workers, Singaporean or non-Singaporean, against discrimination, as well as prohibit other kinds of discrimination — age, race, religion, and disability— covered by TAFEP against male and female employees.

In more detail

The Employment of Foreign Manpower (Work Passes) Regulations 2012 currently requires all employers to undertake reasonable efforts to provide fair employment opportunities to citizens of Singapore.

The Ministry of Manpower (MOM) has interpreted compliance with the regulations and the FCF guidance not just on account of individual Singapore citizen employees (“Singapore Core”) on a company-wide assessment, but also taking into account industry norms. In 2016, the Minister of Manpower stated that, when assessing whether an employer would be placed on the FCF watchlist for behaviour that adds to the deepening of the “local-foreign” divide, the MOM will consider evidence of the following triple weaknesses:

  • weak in Singaporean Core
  • weak in commitment
  • weak economic linkage and social impact

More recently, the minister has added that, in shortlisting employers for the FCF watchlist, the MOM will also assess whether the employer has:

  • a high concentration of foreigners from a single nationality source
  • a high share of foreign professionals, managers, executives and technicians relative to industry peers

However, the minister has admitted that effective as this MOM assessment is, the process is resource-intensive. Additionally:

  • Refinements to the EP framework, which primarily rely on salary as a gatekeeper to select complementary talent, although easy to understand and administer, still require the MOM to explore additional steps to achieve the objectives of a strong Singaporean Core, complemented by a diverse foreign workforce.
  • Despite progressive enhancing of the FCF and stiffening penalties further for discrimination cases, TAFEP nonetheless handles an average of 170 nationality discrimination cases arising from complaints annually.

Thus, with the minister stating MOM’s intent to clamp down on egregious employers with discriminatory employment practices by strengthening levers and employing options to give more bite to TAFEP, it is unsurprising that the prime minister broached concerns over work pass holders, a delicate subject, for a National Day Rally.

However, both the minister and the prime minister have also underscored the importance of keeping the right balance between requiring businesses to invest in a strong Singaporean core even as they complement it with a diverse foreign workforce. Singapore will not turn protectionist or otherwise damage its reputation as an international hub. In facing the many challenges in the post-pandemic era, Singapore will make it crystal-clear to the world that it is determined to stay open, with outward- and forward-looking policies.

Looking ahead, we will keep you informed on developments for this new anti-discrimination law. If, in the meantime, you have any queries on this or any related employment matter, please feel free to contact us.

1 For more information on the measures to tighten work pass criteria for foreigners and their working family members, please see our previous alerts:

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Celeste Ang is a principal in Baker McKenzie's Singapore office. Celeste Ang’s practice encompasses corporate litigation and arbitration, both domestic and cross-border. She also has significant experience advising clients on compliance and regulatory issues in the context of investigations, and on a wide range of employment and employment-related issues. Celeste is ranked by Chambers Asia Pacific in the areas of litigation and employment and by Chambers Global in the area of litigation. She is described as "very smart, very innovative - a good example of someone who thinks outside the box" and "very technically competent, very thorough and very responsive" by clients.


Kelvin Poa is a principal in Baker McKenzie's Singapore office. He is an investment fund corporate and regulatory professional, and leads the Firm's Asia Pacific Private Equity group. He draws on his extensive background in private equity — and proficiency in fund formation and structuring — to deliver innovative and workable solutions for clients. He advises leading private equity and real estate houses to find ‘fund compatible’ structures for their investment acquisitions, restructurings and exits — and assists asset management clients to navigate transformational transactions or complex reorganisations successfully. Kelvin is recognised by leading legal directories for his experience in fund formation.


Ng Zhao Yang is a local principal in the Employment Practice Group of Baker McKenzie Wong & Leow in Singapore. He has over 10 years of experience advising regional and multinational clients on employment law and immigration matters in Singapore.
He is recognised as an “Up and Coming” individual by Chambers & Partners Asia-Pacific 2024 in the Singapore Employment: Domestic category. Clients who spoke to Chambers described him as “very responsive,” “well-versed" and "provides technically strong and commercial advice." He is also recognised as a “Next Generation Partner” by The Legal 500 Asia Pacific 2024 in Singapore, in the Labour and employment: Local firms and Foreign firms categories.


Pradeep is a Local Principal in the Dispute Resolution Practice Group in Singapore. He advises and represents clients ranging from global corporations to tech start ups and individuals across all aspects of dispute resolution, including pre-litigation strategic advice, mediation, Singapore Court litigation and international arbitration. Pradeep also regularly advises and assists clients on a wide range of contentious and non-contentious employment law, investigations and compliance matters.
In The Legal 500 Asia Pacific rankings 2024, Pradeep was recognised as a "key lawyer" in Baker McKenzie Wong & Leow's Dispute Resolution, International Arbitration and Employment teams, with clients commending him for being “very commercially minded” and a “superb lawyer” (The Legal 500, 2024).
Pradeep graduated from Singapore Management University's double degree programme with degrees in Economics (BSc (Econ)) and Law (LL.B.), and was placed on the Dean's List for both fields of study.

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