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Antitrust law in Africa is growing at a rapid rate with the introduction of laws and regulations, increase in memberships to regional antitrust bodies and ramped-up enforcement by domestic and regional regulators. Since the beginning of 2018, domestic competition legislation has been enacted in Angola and Nigeria, and legal developments are in progress in Madagascar.

Outside of the introduction of entirely new laws in certain jurisdictions, there have also been significant amendments to existing legislative regimes in a number of countries, including Egypt, Ethiopia, the Gambia, Morocco, Mozambique, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Africa’s competition regulators are also gaining momentum and becoming more sophisticated in the analysis of mergers and understanding of horizontal conduct.

Businesses transacting in Africa that have not already done so should be rolling out internal training programs and measures to ensure they are prepared for the continuously developing national and regional competition laws and regulations.

As such, this guide, An Overview of Competition and Antitrust Regulations in Africa, has been compiled by the Competition & Antitrust Africa team and the Firm’s African Relationship Firms across the continent, in order to provide insight into the numerous competition law and regulatory developments in 25 countries in Africa. This publication engages with these developments at a domestic level, itemizing relevant amendments and approaches of competition authorities on topical issues.

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Lerisha Naidu is a partner in Baker McKenzie's Antitrust & Competition Practice Group in Johannesburg. She advises and represents international and domestic clients in mergers and acquisitions, prohibited practices (including cartel-related matters), and compliance and risk mitigation.

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Angelo Tzarevski is a senior associate in Baker McKenzie's Antitrust & Competition Practice Group in Johannesburg. He advises clients on a broad spectrum of competition issues related to mergers and acquisitions, enforcement, and compliance in South Africa as well as in other African jurisdictions.

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Sphesihle Nxumalo is an Associate in Baker McKenzie's Johannesburg office.

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Celine Zeebroeck is a special legal counsel in the Washington, DC office of Baker McKenzie. Prior to joining the Firm, Ms. van Zeebroeck spent three years as an associate in the Brussels, Belgium office of an international law firm. During that time, she worked as a commercial litigation and transaction lawyer focusing on IP and antitrust matters. After attending law school, Ms. van Zeebroeck worked for the Ministry of Justice and a human rights professor in Chile for six months.

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Fabien Hecquet is an Associate in Baker McKenzie's Paris office.

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Adrian Gonzalez is a member of the Mergers & Acquisitions department at Baker McKenzie Paris and spends most of his time supporting the Casablanca office. Prior to joining Baker McKenzie, he practiced in other law firms, namely, August & Debouzy (Paris), Stibbe Simont Monahan Duhot (Amsterdam), Salès Vincent Georges et Associés (Paris), Grant Hermann Schwartz & Klinger (New York), and Bryan Gonzalez Vargas, Gonzalez Baz (Mexico).