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New York

On March 20, 2020, New York Governor Andrew Cuomo issued Executive Order 202.8 (“NY EO 202.8”), effective as of 8 pm on March 22, 2020, which requires all non-essential businesses to reduce their in-person workforce by 100% through April 19. NY EO 202.8 is an integral part of Governor Cuomo’s 10-point “New York State on PAUSE” policy, which aims to reduce the impact of the COVID-19 public health emergency through social distancing measures. Governor Cuomo has issued a series of Executive Orders that provide the guidelines for what businesses perform “essential services or functions.” Such services and functions are discussed in detail below. Although the New York restrictions look very similar to what other States are calling “shelter in place” orders, Governor Cuomo has not used this terminology to describe the “New York State on PAUSE” policy.

New Jersey

On March 21, 2020, Governor Murphy of New Jersey signed Executive Order No. 107 (the “NJ Order”), which contains new standards for businesses, effective at 9:00 pm on March 21, 2020. The primary effect of the NJ Order is to encourage residents to remain home by shutting down most retail operations in the state, and by curtailing attendance at non-retail workplaces as much as technology will permit. The NJ Order will remain in effect until revoked or modified by the Governor.


On March 20, 2020, Governor Ned Lamont of Connecticut issued Executive Order 7H mandating all non-essential businesses and nonprofit entities to reduce their in-person workforce at each business location by 100% by March 23, 2020. On March 22, 2020, Governor Lamont issued Executive Order 7J clarifying obligations of non-essential businesses (7H and 7J orders hereinafter referred as the “CT Executive Orders”). The Connecticut Department of Economic and Community Development further issued binding guidelines on essential businesses on March 22, 2020 (the “CT Guidelines”).



Terry Gilroy is a partner in the New York office of Baker McKenzie and a member of the Compliance and Investigations Practice Group. Prior to joining the Firm in 2018, Terry served as Americas Head of the Financial Crime Legal function at Barclays. Terry advises businesses and individuals on white collar and financial crime issues and has significant experience conducting investigations relating to compliance with the US Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) and related bribery and corruption statutes, economic sanctions regulations as administered by the US Department of the Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC), and the Bank Secrecy Act and related anti-money laundering (AML) regulations and statutes. Terry spent six years on active duty in the United States Army as a Field Artillery officer.


Rob is a Partner in Baker McKenzie’s Employment and Compensation Practice Group, residing in New York, where he has practiced for decades. Rob represents foreign, domestic and multinational employers and management, including those in financial, luxury retail goods and services, and healthcare industries, in connection with the entire panoply of employment issues arising under U.S. and foreign law. Rob regularly defends employers in litigation, arbitration and other modes of alternative dispute resolution. Rob is a member and former co-chair of the New York State Bar Association's Subcommittee on International Employment and Labor Law and the American Bar Association's International Law Section. Rob has been recognized in New York Super Lawyers annually since 2006 for Labor and Employment Law, in Who’s Who in American Law, 2011-2019; and as a recommended lawyer for Litigation and for Workforce & Employment Counseling in Legal 500. Rob is the former co-chair of Baker McKenzie's New York office's Pro Bono Committee and has led ground breaking global pro bono projects relating to global poverty, international human rights and anti-terrorism legal initiatives. Rob received the 2014 Jeremy G. Epstein Award for Outstanding Pro Bono Service from the New York City Bar Association's City Bar Justice Center.


Christina Cerutti is an associate in Baker McKenzie's New York office. As a member of the North America Litigation and Government Enforcement Practice Group, her practice includes compliance and investigations, white collar criminal defense, commercial litigation and arbitration. Christina also has an active pro bono practice focused on youth clients, including incarcerated teenage parents. She has provided project and development support to various juvenile justice organizations, and has assisted with efforts to increase incarcerated youths' access to and relationship with their children. Christina also acts as an alumna mentor to current law students at William & Mary Law School, and serves as a resource by providing professional and career-related advice for future attorneys. She enjoys giving back to students interested in the practice of law by serving as a judge for the national Vincent J. Apruzzese High School Mock Trial Competition.


Candy Ofime is an associate in the New York office of Baker McKenzie and a member of the Dispute Resolution Practice Group. Prior to joining the Firm, Candy conducted human rights documentation and advocacy in West Africa for the international NGO Human Rights Watch.


L Andrew S. Riccio is a senior associate in Baker McKenzie's Litigation Group in New York. He represents clients in matters relating to international and domestic disputes. He has experience in arbitration (investment and treaty disputes, before ICSID tribunals, and commercial disputes before institutional (ICC, ICDR, LCIA) or ad hoc tribunals) and litigation before state and federal courts. Andrew also has experience litigating contested matters arising in the restructuring and insolvency context. Prior to joining the Firm, Andrew served both as a lawyer at a law firm as well as outside general counsel to an organic foods company. He was named to the Super Lawyers list of Rising Stars for 2017 and 2018 as a Top Rated International Attorney in New York, NY.