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In brief

Baker McKenzie’s latest Africa Competition Report (“Report“) is a collaborative effort between Baker McKenzie’s Africa-focused Competition team and its Africa Relationship Firms. The Report covers a detailed analysis and overview of recent developments in competition law enforcement and competition policy in 32 African jurisdictions and regional bodies. It considers not only recent developments in competition law enforcement and competition policy in each of the highlighted jurisdictions but also provides an overview of regulatory and legislative dynamics and challenges in selected markets.

Key takeaways 

  • Competition authorities play an important role as champions, advocates and enforcers of competition policy across economies and view competition policy as a key driver of economic growth.
  • The Report outlines how 29 of the 32 surveyed African jurisdictions and regional bodies have national competition laws in place.
  • Countries where competition laws exist include Kenya, South Africa, Tunisia, Cote d’Ivoire, Tanzania, Egypt, Nigeria, and Rwanda.
  • Only two of the countries surveyed had no national competition laws, but are members of a regional competition law body – Ghana and Uganda.
  • Although over the past two years African competition regulators have actively engaged in efforts to address pandemic-related challenges, there has also been a general upward trend in competition policy enforcement across the continent.
  • The upward trend in competition enforcement is highlighted by a number of significant recent developments in competition law regulation around the continent.
  • African jurisdictions have strengthened their competition and antitrust regimes by way of amendments to existing legislation, the introduction of new laws and regulations, and renewed fervor and political will to enforce existing laws.
  • In the last year, there have been notable competition law developments in Algeria, Angola, Botswana, Cameroon, Cape Verde, COMESA, Egypt, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, South Africa and Zimbabwe.

Access all the latest competition law information in the 2022 edition of our Report, by downloading it here


Lerisha Naidu is a Partner in Baker McKenzie's Antitrust & Competition Practice Group in Johannesburg.


Angelo Tzarevski is an associate director in Baker McKenzie’s Antitrust & Competition Practice Group in Johannesburg.

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