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In brief

In this publication, our lawyers from different practice groups discuss the trends in compliance and investigations of 2020 in Germany. We take a look at the most important developments and court decisions of2020. Discussing these trends will help companies doing business in Germany to grasp the developments in the area of compliance and investigations in the future. After providing a general overview and presenting the highlights of the developments in the last year, each practice group will outline the developments in their respective practice areas in greater depth.

2020 was overshadowed by the COVID-19 pandemic. Of course, this has also left its mark in the area of compliance. To name just one key development: In spring 2020, shortly after the pandemic began to spread in Germany, the German Federal Government issued an export ban on facemasks and other medical protective equipment to all countries outside of Germany. The introduction of such a broad, farreaching and unexpected ban caught many companies by surprise, and they consequently faced challenges to adjust to the unannounced governmental measures which had a significant impact on their supply chains and led to government investigations.

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Nicolai is a member of the Global Compliance and Investigations Steering Committee and co-heads the compliance practice in Germany. He is a member of the Global Innovation Committee of Baker McKenzie and co-heads the innovation and legal tech team for Baker McKenzie Germany / Austria. He co-chairs the committee "International Affairs" of the German Institute for Compliance (DICO). Nicolai is a regular speaker and author on compliance, white collar crime, innovation and legal tech topics. He is the founder of and both founder and editor of


Dr. Christian Burholt is a partner in the Firm's Berlin office. He has more than 14 years of experience representing German and international clients in antitrust, dominance, and merger control law matters. He has been recommended for antitrust and merger control law in regulated industries by Juve since 2010. Prior to joining Baker McKenzie in 2015, Christian was for seven years a member of the antitrust team of a major international law firm, and led for five years the antitrust practice group of Germany’s leading pharmaceutical and healthcare law boutique. Christian is admitted to the Berlin bar and a member of the German Association of Antitrust Lawyers and the Network Compliance. He regularly lectures and publishes on antitrust and merger control topics.


Dr. Nicolas Kredel, LL.M is a partner in Baker Mckenzie's Dusseldorf office in Germany. His practice focus on clients in EU and German competition law matters, including domestic and international cartel investigations, merger control proceedings and abuse of dominance cases. He routinely leads global projects for antitrust risk prevention (compliance systems), international investigations and transactions. He also provides competition law advice on cooperation agreements with competitors, as well as supply agreements and distribution systems.