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Mounia Benabdallah

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Mounia Benabdallah is a partner in Baker McKenzie’s International Tax Practice Group. She joined Baker McKenzie in 2006 and has practiced in the Firm’s offices in Amsterdam, Chicago and New York. As an attorney at law she is admitted to the Netherlands Bar. Mounia is repeatedly recognized as leading advisor in ITR’s Women in Tax Leaders guide. Because of her strong US focus, Mounia is based in New York and member of the Global Reorganizations Practice Group. Mounia mainly advises US multinationals on the interplay between US international tax law, European tax law and Netherlands tax law in global restructuring projects, with a strong focus on global (OECD BEPS) and European tax policy developments.

Towards the end of last year, the European Union reached an agreement on its Pillar Two Directive, leaving a year for Member States to implement it in domestic law. The OECD also released its guidance regarding safe harbor and Penalty Relief, as well as public consultations on GloBE information Return and Tax Certainty for the GloBE Rules. Please join our experts, including those on tax policy, as well as economists and tax professionals across the globe to discuss the most recent updates and fresh insights on this topic each month. The first session in the series is on 8 February 2023.

Exactly one year after publication of the Pillar 2 Model GloBE Rules on 20 December 2021, the OECD Inclusive Framework on BEPS published an implementation package as part of its ongoing efforts to develop the Pillar 2 Implementation Framework. The Pillar 2 documents released contain (i) guidance on Safe Harbours and Penalty Relief, and (ii) public consultations on the GLoBE Information Return and Tax Certainty for the GloBE Rules.

In a somewhat surprise move, it appears EU Member States have managed to reach preliminary agreement on a minimum level of taxation for largest corporations, also known as the Pillar 2 Directive. The Committee of Permanent Representatives reached the required unanimous support on 12 December 2022. While it is being reported that Poland has reiterated its previous concerns, we do not expect Poland to use its veto this time. With Hungary lifting its veto, this development may mean that the EU will be the frontrunner in implementation of Pillar 2, requiring EU Member States to transpose the Pillar 2 Directive into domestic laws by the end of 2023.

On 25 May 2018, the Council of the European Union adopted a directive on the mandatory disclosure and exchange of cross-border tax arrangements. This is the sixth update of the Directive on Administrative Cooperation, therefore referred to as ‘DAC6’ and the disclosure regime is now live.
Under the new rules, intermediaries such as lawyers, tax advisors, and accountants that design, promote or implement certain ‘arrangements’, or that provide advice in relation to such arrangements, are required to report them to tax authorities.

On 24 October 2022, the Netherlands published an extensive draft proposal, including detailed commentary, for the implementation of the GloBE Model Rules in Dutch tax legislation. The Dutch Pillar 2 Proposal is presented as a stand-alone legislative act referred to as the “Minimum Tax Act 2024”, which would exist separate from the Dutch corporate income tax act. The Minimum Tax Act 2024 is largely based on the EU Pillar 2 Directive that was published on 22 December 2021 and further updated in subsequent months.

While the OECD continues with its journey to modernize the global tax system under its two-pillar approach, many countries are now beginning to embark on the road to implementation of Pillar 2 and multinationals may need to prepare for its impact as early as 2023.
Join our panel of Tax professionals at the Baker McKenzie New York Office on 3 November 2022 for the next installment in our series of Pillar 2 events

On 4 April 2022, the OECD released a new public consultation document with respect to the draft model rules for Amount A. This latest draft model rules cover the Scope building block which stipulates which MNE Groups will be covered by the Amount A model rules. This document is the fourth building block of Amount A to be released. On 4 February 2022, the OECD issued its first extensive publication on Amount A covering the two components Nexus and Revenue Sourcing.

On 14 March 2022, the OECD published its long awaited commentary to the model GloBE rules. At more than 200 pages, the commentary will take some time to fully absorb. However, it appears that the guidance still leaves some fundamental issues unanswered, such as how the GloBE rules co-exist with the US’s GILTI regime, and what simplifications/safe-harbors will be available to taxpayers to reduce their compliance burden. It is expected that this will be further addressed in the implementation framework, for which a public consultation was launched on the same day.

On 18 February 2022, the OECD released a new public consultation document with respect to the draft model rules for Amount A. This time, the draft model rules cover the Tax Base Determinations building block which deals with enabling an MNE group in scope of Amount A to determine the taxable profit which will be partially reallocated to so-called market jurisdictions. This document comes only two weeks after the OECD issued its first extensive publication on Amount A covering the two components Nexus and Revenue Sourcing. It should be noted that the latest draft model rules are a work-in-progress and subject to changes. The OECD welcomes comments from the public before 4 March 2022, following which more detailed commentary on a number of technical items is expected to be released.