Baker McKenzie’s Sanctions Blog published the alert titled Dutch authorities make arrest over Russia sanctions circumvention on 20 July 2023. Read the article via the link here. Please also visit our Sanctions Blog for the most recent updates.
In a judgment of 10 January 2023, the Dutch Supreme Court confirmed that the applicable standard of proof for “intentional” violations of EU sanctions under Dutch law is generally low. The judgment confirmed that, although the intent of the accused with regard to the constituent elements of the relevant sanctions prohibition must be sufficiently proven to establish an intentional violation, intent does not need to be proven as to the unlawfulness of the conduct.