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Sietske Brinksma

Sietske Brinksma joined Baker McKenzie in 2022 and is a junior associate within the Amsterdam competition and trade practice group. She works closely with the competition team in Brussels and is included in the pharmaceutical industry group within EMEA. Before Sietske joined the Firm, she studied Law at Tilburg University from a Dutch, European and International perspective. During her master degree, she specialized in competition law and has considered the topic from a regulatory, as well as from an (international) business perspective. In 2020, she was awarded the Certificate of Excellence on the topic of Competition Law at Tilburg University. As a special interest, she has conducted study into the digital and technological sector, considering topics such as digital platforms, AI and blockchain.

In a judgment of 10 January 2023, the Dutch Supreme Court confirmed that the applicable standard of proof for “intentional” violations of EU sanctions under Dutch law is generally low. The judgment confirmed that, although the intent of the accused with regard to the constituent elements of the relevant sanctions prohibition must be sufficiently proven to establish an intentional violation, intent does not need to be proven as to the unlawfulness of the conduct.