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In October 2022, the Multilateral Instrument was ratified by the Mexican Senate and could enter into force as soon as February 2023. As of the entry into force of this instrument, the Mexican Double Tax Conventions (DTCs) in effect will be automatically modified, without having to enter into the specific negotiation processes with each one of the signatory states. The instrument is, perhaps, the most impressive result of the BEPS Project, as it permits updating DTCs and allows jurisdictions to incorporate BEPS actions into their current DTCs without the need to resort to bilateral negotiations.

The Government of Canada has amended the federal Competition Act, Canada’s consolidated antitrust statute, to criminalize wage-fixing and no-poach agreements between employers, effective 23 June 2023. The criminal prohibition will apply to all employers, and is not limited only to those in competing sectors or industries. Employers who contravene the new prohibition against labor-related collusion risk incurring significant fines, the potential for imprisonment, or both, and heightened private and class action litigation risk.

After a long legislative process, a new Brazilian Federal law on cartel damages claims was enacted and entered into force (Law No. 14.470/2022) on 17 November 2022. The statute comes with new provisions that are expected to significantly increase incentives for these lawsuits in Brazil. According to the new statute, those who suffered damages due to cartel agreements and concerted practices affecting Brazilian markets will be able to reclaim twice the value of their losses.

As we embark on the journey towards net zero, financial institutions aspire to increase their understanding of Sustainability-related commercial and regulatory developments. We are inviting you to our upcoming webinar on 12 December 2022, which aims to cover global trends and highlight perspectives from Latin America.

Companies around the world have to comply with the Virginia Consumer Data Protection Act (VCDPA) with respect to personal data of consumers in Virginia. With the VCDPA, Virginia follows the California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018, as amended by the California Consumer Rights Act of 2020, but excludes employee and business representative data from its scope.

In the wake of US Supreme Court precedent in the 2021 AMG Capital Management LLC v. Federal Trade Commission decision, the FTC is doubling down and expanding its enforcement efforts to target executives, directors and owners, including private equity, in an effort to hold accountable anyone profiting from anti-competitive conduct or conduct harmful to consumers. William Roppolo, Ashley Eickhof and Annasofia Roig explores this issue in an article published in Law360.

On 21 November 2022, the Treasury put out a call for submissions to assist with developing the Federal Government’s regulatory framework for buy now, pay later (BNPL) arrangements. The released options paper seeks to address the purported lack of oversight of the BNPL industry which has so far not been regulated in the same way as other forms of consumer credit under the National Consumer Credit Protection Act 2009. Pending stakeholder review, the paper seeks to strengthen the regulatory framework surrounding BNPL products and depending on the option adopted, may see them subject to the same regulations as credit cards or loan facilities.

The Tax and Legal Breakfasts: Employment seminar at the Baker McKenzie Luxembourg Office on Tuesday 29 November 2022 is designed to give our clients the keys to better apprehend and manage dismissal cases under Luxembourg law. During the seminar, we will cover the traditional questions of the types of dismissal and explain how to build up and manage a case. Furthermore, in a context where employers have difficulties in exercising their power of control over employees working remotely, where harassment claims constantly increase and where employers fear abusive whistleblowing procedures, we will also explain what measures could be implemented or course of action, such as dismissal, taken.
All sessions are complimentary to Baker McKenzie clients and affiliates.

On 19 November 2022, Canada announced amendments to the Special Economic Measures (Haiti) Regulations in response to the “egregious conduct of Haitian political elites who provide illicit financial and operational support to armed gangs”. These amendments list an additional three individuals under the Schedule of the Regulations and took effect on 17 November 2022.

On 17 November 2022, the Competition and Consumer Commission of Singapore issued an infringement decision against four warehouse operators for infringing section 34 of the Competition Act 2004. The four warehouse operators had entered into a price-fixing arrangement by imposing a coordinated surcharge, known as the “FTZ Surcharge”, for warehouse services at Keppel Distripark. The FTZ surcharge is a surcharge imposed by warehouse operators on import cargo stored within the Free Trade Zone, and it was first introduced in order to manage rising costs. The CCCS imposed a total financial penalty of SGD 2,799,138 on the four businesses, namely CNL Logistics Solutions Pte. Ltd., Gilmon Transportation & Warehousing Pte. Ltd., Penanshin (PSA KD) Pte. Ltd. and Mac-Nels (KD) Terminal Pte. Ltd.