From bidets to ballcocks, bathroom online sales are booming. A third of canny customers fitting out a new bathroom want cheap online deals. But what about the showrooms and sales staff that help customers touch and feel their dream bathroom? Can this retailer pressure cause you to violate the law?
The Spanish authority fined car-wash equipment maker Istobal €638,770 (2% of its Spanish revenue) for denial of parts and data to independent repairers.
In VM Remonts, the EU Court of Justice ruled for the first time on whether a company can be liable for competition law infringements that resulted from the actions of a third party service provider that was not an agent of the company and was taking initiatives that clearly exceeded the tasks assigned to it.
The European Court of Justice handed down judgments that provide useful clarification regarding limits on information requests issued by the European Commission in antitrust investigations – in particular as regards the statement of reasons to be provided.
Creating a successful online retail strategy has never been more difficult, especially if restrictions affect Europe.
The EU’s highest Court confirms that automated messages can put recipients on the hook for a price-fixing cartel.
A Russian appeal court has upheld Teva’s obligation to supply Copaxone to its distributor to compete against it at tender. The case endorses the Russian competition authority’s tendency to define markets narrowly – and thus to find a supplier has a monopoly of this narrowly defined market – so as to force supply by “dominant” companies in circumstances that may make little economic sense.
The first Post Danmark case in 2012 brought about a modest antitrust revolution on Article 102 applicable to discrimination. Rarefied economic concepts were confirmed. Price discrimination as a standalone abuse was all but confined to a historical footnote in antitrust textbooks, to be replaced by a predation type test.
The European Commission’s Digital Single Market (“DSM”) agenda was launched on May 6, 2015 combining a wide ranging antitrust inquiry with a series of legislative initiatives designed to shake up online businesses across Europe, and globally. A mixed bag of free trade… Some of the initiatives play to the strengths…