Just one week following the release of the draft Rules concerning the Standard Contract for Cross-Border Transfers of Personal Information, the Cyberspace Administration of China finalized and issued the long-awaited Measures for the Security Assessment of Transfers of Data Abroad on 7 July 2022. The Measures provide the implementation rules and guidelines concerning the security assessment mechanism for cross-border data transfers outside of China, as established in China’s three overarching data protection laws, the Cybersecurity Law, the Data Security Law and the Personal Information Protection Law. The Measures will take effect and will be implemented from 1 September 2022. Companies will have a grace period of six months to comply with the Measures.
On 30 June 2022, the Cyberspace Administration of China released the draft Rules concerning the Standard Contract for Cross-Border Transfer of Personal Information together with the draft Standard Contractual Clauses (China SCCs) for public consultation. The China SCCs for cross-border transfer of personal information are one of the three mechanisms for transferring personal information outside of China as stipulated in the Personal Information Protection Law of China.
The Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Act took effect on June 21, 2022, and establishes a rebuttable presumption that all goods mined, produced, or manufactured wholly or in part in Xinjiang, China, or by entities identified on the “UFLPA Entity List,” are made with forced labor and prohibits them from entry into the United States under Section 307 of the Tariff Act of 1930.
On 24 June 2022, China’s National Peoples’ Congress approved far reaching amendments to China’s Anti-Monopoly Law which become effective from 1 August 2022 (“AML Amendments”).
Alongside the AML Amendments, the State Administration for Market Regulation has issued for public comment proposed updates to key implementing rules and regulations concerning cartels and vertical restraints, abuse of dominance, merger control and abuse of IP rights.
Of particular relevance to business operations in China and M&A activity, the AML Amendments include stricter penalties for antitrust violations; increased enforcement powers; revised thresholds for merger control; an express prohibition of hub & spoke arrangements; potential exemptions/defenses for certain vertical restraints including resale price maintenance, and continued scrutiny of the platform economy.
The June edition of the China employment law update includes developments such as measures to prevent social insurance fraud being formally implemented, new guidelines being issued on the handling of employment dispute arbitration and litigation, and guidance on employment disputes relating to pandemic control measures.
On 24 June 2022, China’s National People’s Congress approved far reaching amendments to China’s Anti-Monopoly Law which will become effective from 1 August 2022 (“AML Amendments”).
Alongside the AML Amendments, China’s competition regulator has published revised draft guidelines on a wide range of topics for public consultation. This reform package will have significant consequences for the future of merger control and antitrust enforcement in China.
Baker McKenzie is delighted to invite you to join us on 21 July 2022 for a webinar via Zoom, where our Baker McKenzie antitrust and competition specialists in Beijing and Hong Kong will provide you with a concise briefing on key considerations with respect to these reforms and practical implications for your business.
On 23 March 2022, China’s National Development and Reform Committee and National Energy Administration released a plan on the development of hydrogen energy for 2021-20351 (“Plan”). As the first national-level industry plan for hydrogen development, the Plan recognizes hydrogen as a major component of China’s future national energy system, an important carrier for realizing green- and low-carbon transition to the net-zero economy, and a key direction of China’s strategic emerging industries.
In 2008, Hong Kong’s Court of Final Appeal issued a landmark judgment in Koon Wing Yee v Insider Dealing Tribunal deciding that if a regulator is seeking a financial penalty, the individual or company being investigated is, for human rights purposes, facing a criminal charge and entitled to fundamental Bill of Rights protections.
Hong Kong’s competition law was being drafted at the time. The enforcement framework and law were fundamentally rewritten because of Koon. The Administration said that appropriate criminal safeguards, including fair trial, protection against self-incrimination and standard of proof beyond reasonable doubt, must be in place both during investigation and trial to meet the requirements of the Hong Kong Bill of Rights. In 2019, in the first case to come to trial, Hong Kong’s Competition Tribunal agreed.
As global and regional integration increases, multinational companies ought to navigate numerous custom-related complexities and challenges imposed by relevant authorities in any jurisdiction. This webinar series provide an in-depth coverage of legal frameworks, practical issues and key trends and developments surrounding customs audits in select Asia Pacific jurisdictions.
Bilateral trade between China and Africa is increasing year on year. While COVID lockdowns have resulted in logistics bottlenecks, trade between the two regions has not been severely impacted, especially in terms of exports from Africa into China. China has continued to import African agricultural goods and raw materials, with food security and materials needed for the energy transition considered to be a priority. The ties between these two regions continue to strengthen, and are expected to be further bolstered as free trade under the African Continental Free Trade Area takes hold.