On 21 December 2023, the Brazilian House of Representatives approved the new text of Bill 2.148/15, which aims to create the Brazilian Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading System, i.e., the regulated carbon market in Brazil. The text will still be sent to the Brazilian Federal Senate and could return to the House of Representatives if further changes are made.
Gathering at a pivotal moment, the 28th Conference of the Parties unfolded against the backdrop of projections that 2023 is poised to be recorded as the warmest year on record. The accelerating impacts of climate change served as a stark reminder of the urgency addressed throughout the conference.
Baker McKenzie’s Global Climate Change practice was on the ground in Dubai, continuing a decade’s long commitment to be actively engaged in understanding how UNFCCC negotiations create opportunities for clients, and drawing from our observations, we’ve compiled a concise report outlining our perspective on the outcomes at COP28.
Federal Decree No. 11,786/2023 was published on 21 November 2023, establishing the National Policy for Quilombola Territorial and Environmental Management (PNGTAQ). The policy aims to, among others, support and promote territorial and environmental management practices of quilombola communities, strengthen the territorial and environmental rights of these communities, and promote the implementation of public policies in an integrated manner and the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.
On 6 November 2023, State Law No. 17,832 of 1 November 2023 was published in the Official Gazette of the State of Sao Paulo, creating the “Consolidation of the State’s Consumer Protection Laws,” which aims to unify the main laws that protect consumer rights in the state, bringing them together in a single document to facilitate legislative consultation.
Following the release of the inaugural standards of the International Sustainability Standards Board (ISSB) — IFRS S1 and IFRS S2 — the Securities and Exchange Commission of Brazil (CVM) released the first delivery of what it calls the CVM’s Sustainable Finance Action Plan: CVM Resolution 193, which deals with the preparation and disclosure by publicly traded companies, securitization companies and investment funds of financial information reports related to sustainability.
Countries are approaching plastics regulation in different ways. Measures that have been proposed and adopted vary and include imposing plastic taxes, bans on single-use plastics, microbead bans, deposit return schemes, and consumer charges to discourage consumption (e.g., carrier bag charges). At an international level, in 2022, a UN resolution was endorsed to end plastic pollution and propose an international legally binding agreement by 2024.
Baker McKenzie has a long-standing history of participation and involvement in the UN Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP), advising governments, companies and other entities on implementing the Paris Agreement and leading on the development of both international and domestic carbon markets.
The team will be on the ground in Dubai for COP28 and look forward to engaging in ground-breaking discussions with all key stakeholders to share insights and continue to offer cutting-edge advice to our clients. In the meantime, we have prepared a series of primers on what we expect to be some of the key themes for COP28.
On 5 June 2023, Federal Decree Nos. 11,546, 11,547, 11,548, 11,549, and 11,550 were enacted, setting forth provisions related to climate change.
On 16 May 2023, the National Consumer Secretariat (SENACON) published Technical Note No. 14/2023, establishing guidelines for confronting racism within the scope of consumer relations.
On 12 April, Justice Secretary Flavio Dino issued an ordinance that makes it possible to hold digital platforms accountable for the dissemination of content that promotes violence in schools. The document sets forth specific obligations for platforms, such as the immediate removal of certain content after a request from the competent authorities, systemic risk assessment, adoption of measures to prevent the spread of new threats to schools and a policy of active content moderation by application providers. In addition, platforms must prepare reports for the justice secretariat analyzing the risk factors of spreading certain illegal content, and whether recommendation algorithms or other algorithms used by platforms, as well as the content moderation practices adopted, contribute to such risk factors.